I have been involved in the criminal justice system for much of my adult life- as a Probation Officer, Deputy District Attorney, Judge Pro Tempore, and for the past 23 years as a committed fighter for the rights of the accused in Shasta County.
Criminal Appeals, Drug Crimes, Expungement, Fraud, Gun Crimes, Internet Crimes, Sex Crimes, Theft, Violent Crimes
A: When calculating credits you want to subtract actual time in custody from the total sentence imposed, then apply the half-time credits to determine the out date. So, roughly two years is 730 days, minus the 150 (5mo in), or 580, which would be 290 at half-time, or about 9 months
A: Oh yes... the old 'license plate light' stop...leading to dog searches and the violation of your 4th Amendment right to be free from unreasonable search and seizure! Any traffic violation is justification for a vehicle stop. From there, however, is some good law in challenging these types of end- around -your- rights police behavior, that may well warrant a Motion to Suppress
(1538.5 P.C.). The issuing of a simple fix it ticket cannot be delayed to bring in dogs for a search. Rodriguez v. U.S. 135 S. Ct. 1609 (2015); see also U.S. v. Evans 786 F. 3d 779 (9th Cir. 2015). If the knife wasn't otherwise illegal, it provides no reasonable suspicion of criminal activity, and no threat to law enforcement, once you were removed from the car. There may be some things for a good lawyer to explore. Best of Luck!!