A: There are a number of possibilities depending on your specific circumstances including: disability benefits (through insurance or a state public benefit), Social Security, or various forms of public assistance (welfare). You will need to discus this all with someone from social services in the County where you live.
A: It is possible but not certain that a viable claim may arise from the incident that you have described. Certainly Prisons can be sued for inmate injuries in various circumstances including cases where the injuries result directly from the criminal actions of third parties (other inmates); however, not every injury of an inmate caused by the violence of other inmates results in liability as against the prison. All of the specific facts, details and circumstances will need to be considered in order to determine whether or not a claim ought to be brought. I suggest consulting with an local personal injury attorney in order to evaluate this possibility. Also please bear in mind that lawsuits such as this are procedurally complex and very time sensitive. Time limitations will prevent any legal action unless the action is commenced prior to the expiration of those time limits. Find a local personal injury attorney and schedule an appointment to discuss all of the specific details and timing.
A: No. Their are statutes of limitation and statutes of repose in NY that will almost certainly operate to prevent any such civil lawsuit. The only way to know for absolute certain is to consult a local attorney with all of the specific details and dates.